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Sodium Chloride


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    Related terms
    • Brand Names: U.S.: 4-Way® Saline Moisturizing Mist [OTC];Altachlore [OTC];Altamist [OTC];Ayr® Allergy & Sinus [OTC];Ayr® Baby Saline [OTC];Ayr® Saline Nasal Gel [OTC];Ayr® Saline No-Drip [OTC];Ayr® Saline [OTC];Deep Sea [OTC];Entsol® [OTC];HuMist® [OTC];HyperSal®;Little Noses® Saline [OTC];Little Noses® Sterile Saline Nasal Mist [OTC];Little Noses® Stuffy Nose Kit [OTC];Muro 128® [OTC];Na-Zone® [OTC];NebuSalT;Ocean® for Kids [OTC];Ocean® [OTC];Pretz® [OTC];Rhinaris® [OTC];Safe WashT [OTC];Saline Mist [OTC];Saljet® [OTC];Sea Soft Nasal Mist [OTC];Simply Saline® Baby [OTC];Simply Saline® [OTC];SochlorT [OTC];Syrex;Wound Wash SalineT [OTC]

    • Oral and shot:
    • It is used to treat low sodium levels.
    • It is used in the diet to meet sodium needs.
    • Shot:
    • It is used to treat fluid loss.
    • It is used to treat brain swelling.
    • It is used to mix with a drug that is given as a shot into the vein over a period of time.
    • Eye:
    • It is used to lower swelling.
    • Liquid for breathing in:
    • It adds water into the breathing tubes.
    • It is used to thin the fluid in the lungs.
    • Nose:
    • It is used to add water to the nose passages.
    • It is used to thin fluid in the nose passages.
    • Skin:
    • It is used to clean wounds.
    • Sodium chloride is a salt supplement.
    • It puts back salt and water losses.
    • It may pull extra fluid out of a swollen area.


    How to take

    • Oral:
    • Take tablets with or without food. Take with food if it causes an upset stomach.
    • There is a liquid if you cannot swallow pills.
    • Those who have feeding tubes may also use the liquid. Flush the feeding tube before and after this drug is given.
    • Shot:
    • It is given as a shot into a vein.
    • It is given as a shot into a vein over a period of time.
    • Liquid for breathing in:
    • For breathing in only by a puffer (inhaler) or as a liquid (solution) by a special machine (nebulizer) into the lungs.
    • Nose:
    • Do not take this drug by mouth. Use in your nose only. Keep out of your mouth and eyes (may burn).
    • Blow your nose before use.
    • Skin:
    • Wash your hands before and after use.
    • Clean affected part before use. Make sure to dry well.
    • All eye products:
    • For the eye only.
    • Wash your hands before and after use.
    • Take out contact lenses before using this drug. Lenses may be put back in 15 minutes after this drug is given. Do not put contacts back in if your eyes are irritated or infected.
    • Do not touch the container tip to the eye, lid, or other skin.
    • Tilt your head back and drop drug into the eye.
    • Eye drops:
    • Shake well before use.
    • Gently press the skin under the lower eyelid and pull the lower eyelid away from the eye slightly until you can see a small pouch.
    • Put in 1 drop. Wait 1 minute before the next drop.
    • After use, keep your eyes closed. Put pressure on the inside corner of the eye. Do this for 1 to 2 minutes. This keeps the drug in your eye.
    • Space each eye drug by 5 minutes.
    • Eye ointment:
    • Gently pull down the lower lid and squeeze in how much the doctor told you to use.
    • Release the lower eyelid and keep eyes closed for 1 to 2 minutes.
    • Space each eye drug by 10 minutes.

    Missed Dose

    • Take a missed dose as soon as you think about it.
    • If it is close to the time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your normal time.
    • Do not take 2 doses at the same time or extra doses.
    • Do not change the dose or stop this drug. Talk with the doctor.


    • Store at room temperature.
    • Shot:
    • The shot will be given to you in a hospital or doctor's office. You will not store it at home.



    • Sometimes drugs are not safe when you take them with certain other drugs. Taking them together can cause bad side effects. This is one of those drugs. Be sure to talk to your doctor about all the drugs you take.


    • If you have an allergy to sodium chloride or any other part of this drug.
    • Tell your doctor if you are allergic to any drugs. Make sure to tell about the allergy and what signs you had. This includes telling about rash; hives; itching; shortness of breath; wheezing; cough; swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat; or any other signs.
    • Oral and shot:
    • If you have high sodium levels or swelling.
    • If you are on a low-salt or salt-free diet.


    • Check all drugs you are taking with your doctor. This drug may not mix well with some other drugs.
    • Keep a list of all your drugs (prescription, natural products, vitamins, OTC) with you. Give this list to your doctor.
    • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan on getting pregnant.
    • Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding.

    Side Effects

    • Shot:
    • Swelling.
    • Pain and irritation where this drug goes into the body.
    • Oral:
    • Swelling.
    • Upset stomach or throwing up. Many small meals, good mouth care, sucking hard, sugar-free candy, or chewing sugar-free gum may help.
    • Loose stools (diarrhea).

    Contact a healthcare provider

    • If you think there was an overdose, call your local poison control center or ER right away.
    • Signs of a very bad reaction to the drug. These include wheezing; chest tightness; fever; itching; bad cough; blue or gray skin color; seizures; or swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat.
    • Trouble breathing.
    • Sudden change in eyesight, eye pain, or irritation.
    • Any rash.
    • Side effect or health problem is not better or you are feeling worse.

    General Statements

    • If you have a very bad allergy, wear an allergy ID at all times.
    • Do not share your drugs with others and do not take anyone else's drugs.
    • Keep all drugs out of the reach of children and pets.
    • Most drugs may be thrown away in household trash after mixing with coffee grounds or kitty litter and sealing in a plastic bag.
    • In Canada, take any unused drugs to the pharmacy. Also, visit to learn about the right way to get rid of unused drugs.
    • Keep a list of all your drugs (prescription, natural products, vitamins, OTC) with you. Give this list to your doctor.
    • Call your doctor for help with any side effects. If in the U.S., you may also call the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or if in Canada, you may also call Health Canada's Vigilance Program at 1-866-234-2345.
    • Talk with the doctor before starting any new drug, including OTC, natural products, or vitamins.

    Author information
    • Copyright © 1978-2013 Lexi-Comp Inc. All rights reserved.

    Copyright © 2011 Natural Standard (

    The information in this monograph is intended for informational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Information is based on review of scientific research data, historical practice patterns, and clinical experience. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions.

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